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The plum-headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) belongs to the family of parakeets, Psittaculidae.

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These species of parakeet are distributed in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Quite often, it is mistaken for similar-looking blossom-headed parakeet (Psittacula roseata). The plum-headed parakeets are gregarious and noisy birds with a range of disturbingly harsh and loud calls. These birds are monotypic species.

These parakeet species are sexually dimorphic. The male parakeet has a red head, shading to greyish plum on mid-crown and purple-blue on the back of the crown, nape and cheeks. The male has a narrow black neck collar and bluish green nape. There is a black chin stripe extending to lower mandible. There is a red shoulder patch. The female has bluish gray head and a diffuse pale yellow neck collar. Juveniles have green head and yellow mandibles.